This information seems rather mundane, but in the hands of someone with a malicious mind and means to gather other related data, it could be used to cause you grief. A criminal could use this data to steal your physical or virtual property. So, how do you protect your information?
The National Institute of Standard and Technology (NIST) defines information security as:
The protection of information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction in order to provide confidentiality, integrity, and availability.
The core of information security revolves around three keys points in the NIST definition:
- Confidentiality: ensuring that only authorized individuals have access to your information
- Integrity: ensuring that your information is authentic and protected from unauthorized modification or destruction
- Availability: ensuring that your information is ready when you want and need it